Utan-n ažral ta.
SURr-FAC STA-'intelligent'-(OBL)- 1m-OBL
"I'm smarter than I was, but I'm still not very smart."
Listen to the sentence:
Utan-n ažral ta.
Uq'al vlai'lukta fpçat.
Trying out the correlative case with a spatial verbal formative. Also experimenting with a simplified glossing style in the third line (from what I can tell it's a very unusual style, but much easier to read, even if it completely omits everything -- well, everything except non-default values). Which do you prefer?
Oun-n iukawul ku?
Randomly decided to see if I still knew how this language works today. This is the result:
Piece of cake, this language.
I was wondering what a full verbal formative would look like. Essentially, for any verbal formative you utter, no matter how simple, all the remaining categories are always present under the surface, and you may as well choose to make them explicit (even though there is no real gain).
One can distinguish two types of formatives here: 1) formatives without incorporated roots and 2) formatives with incorporated roots.
In other words, whenever you say a word like bal ("a state of desire"), what you're really saying is:
1a) [- incorp.root]
For incorporation, you obviously get a slightly more complicated word, but the only thing that changes is that the ta from above moves to the front and the incorporated root along with its stem (here: ca) takes its place.
2a) [+ incorp.root]
Derivational affixes are inserted right after the Ca affix (Table 5), so the above two formatives, with derivational affix, would become:
1b) [- incorp.root] [+ deriv.suffix]
2b) [+ incorp.root] [+ deriv.suffix]
All the 211 main roots: https://ankiweb.net/shared/info/3804365318
The deck can be found here: https://ankiweb.net/shared/info/2435398011
O ̅aigrat ânc'al tu iúkai'ac.
HAB DYN-'eat'-NRM/DEL/U/CSL/UNI-CMP STA-'fruit.of.banana.tree'-NRM/DEL/M/CSL/UNI 1m-IND FRM-INF-DYN-'leave'-PCV-NRM/DEL/A/CSL/UNI
Example verbal formatives:
bal — "a state of affective desire for something"
eibál — "an act of aspiration"
ëubal — "like a feeling of hope"
iöbál — "to be a goal"
Ebál ti kraţek. — "I need a screwdriver."
I have turned the flowchart idea into a new table. Below are the two delimitive extension tables from Table 5 (a-f). Using these plus a verbal adjunct to mark extension, the entirety of Table 5 is covered. Thus, these tables are part of what a beginner absolutely must learn very early on.
(click on the graphics for a higher quality version, sorry for the inconvenience)
Clearly, these tables may not work for everyone, but I hope they are useful to some people who, like me, think 90 degrees differently.
This covers table 5 in just 288 forms (instead of 1728). Apart from this, there are additional simplifications that beginners can take advantage of, such as marking aspect via a verbal adjunct. Some of those simplifications will hopefully be presented here soon.